Extreme Risk Protection Orders

Extreme Risk Protection Orders

There are few actions available in Pennsylvania when you are worried a close family member might hurt themselves or others with a firearm. Extreme Risk Protection Orders temporarily remove an individual’s firearms so they can get the help they need before it is too late.

one life saved for every 1-20 removals

Source: Swanson JW, et al. (2017)

A Gun Owner in Crisis

Scott Spoor owned a handgun for years. He would shoot milk jugs off of tree stumps while on vacation. But after he survived a suicide attempt with drugs and alcohol in January of 2009, his wife, Jennifer, hid the firearm from him. She was worried that the attempt would have ended much differently with a firearm.

After he got help and was doing better, she felt she had to return the firearm. Then, another crisis hit–and this time he used the gun to end his life. Jennifer Lugar then became an advocate for Extreme Risk Protection Orders (ERPO) because we should empower family members to their loved ones before it’s too late.


How they work

Scott’s story is not unique. Up to 80 percent of individuals considering suicide exhibit warning signs that they are considering suicide. They are often seen by family members, who currently have few options. That’s why Pennsylvania needs to establish Extreme Risk Protection Orders.

Legislation proposed in Pennsylvania would create a process for family members or law enforcement to petition the courts for a civil (non-criminal) order to temporarily suspend a person’s access to firearms including removing any existing firearms for up to one year.

At that point, the petitioner provides evidence including history of violence, recent threats, convictions of violent misdmeanors, or reckless brandishing of firearms. If the evidence convinces the court there is a serious risk, the order is approved. This guarantees due process while helping save lives.

Saving lives in 21 states. PA should be next.

Lives are already being saved in 21 states with Extreme Risk laws including Florida, Indiana and California.

Preventing Suicide:

In Washington, a woman filed an ERPO after her boyfriend wanted to purchase a firearm when he survived previous suicide attempts. At the court hearing, both were thankful there was a mechanism to save his live–and give him more time to get help. A 2019 analysis of Indiana’s law, more than 1,000 firearms were removed primarily because of suicide ideation. The study found 1 life was saved for every 10 firearms removed.

Stopping Mass Shootings:

In California, after a man posted multiple threats of mass shootings on social media, including a plan to kill 30 Jews, an Extreme Risk Protection Order led to the removal of 12 firearms. That was one of 21 orders for individuals planning to commit a mass shooting–none of the subjects committed their devastating attack after an order was issued.

House Bill 1018 and Senate Bill 204 would create an Extreme Risk Protect Order for Pennsylvania residents. It is awaiting action in the Judiciary Committee.

Next Steps

CeaseFirePA fact sheets

Factsheet: ERPOs in PA

Learn more about how Pennsylvania Extreme Risk Protection Orders could save lives.

women crying and praying

Suicide in PA

Firearms fatal nature means it is critical to intervene before an attempt.

A lifesaving tool

For three years, Extreme Risk Protection Orders have awaited action in Committee. Your voice could help change that.

Take a Stand

We’ll never stop fighting for a safe, gun violence-free Pennsylvania. If you share that goal, power our efforts today.

Facing the truth about gun violence in PA